In case you are a non-US citizen who intends to visit the United States, you must obtain a visa in order to legally enter the country. The US visas could easily be categorized under two categories. These are:
- Non – Immigrant visa for visits of short duration
- Immigrant Visas to live and work on a permanent basis
Non – Immigrant Visas
This visa is meant for the temporary visitors who come for a short duration of time. Under this visa, a visitor is permitted to travel via any of the US port of entry. However, if you are a national of a nation that has an agreement with the United States on a Visa Waiver visa consultancy Program, then a visa is not required. However, there are certain eligibility requirements that must be met for the same.
Thus, these types of visa is granted to those with a purpose of business, tourism, availing medical facilities and any other form of work which is temporary in nature.
The US State Department has brought out the most common non – immigrant visa categories. Some of them are:
- Student Visas
- Exchange Visitors
- Government Officials and Diplomats
- Australian (E-3) in Specialty Occupation
- Visas for tourists, business and other professional work
- Chile FTA (Free Trade Agreement) Professional
- Spouse Visas
- NATO and International Organizations
- Temporary Workers Overview
If you intend to migrate and live and work in the United States, you must apply under the Immigrant visas category. In order to do so, you must send a petition to the US Citizenship and Immigration Services for permission to apply for an immigrant visa.
After getting an approval, this petition is sent to the National Visa Centre for further processing. This is followed by instructions from the National Visa Centre which would include those about the relevant forms, fee and other important documents.
The various visa categories under the immigrant visas include:
- Employer Sponsored visas
- Visas for Immediate Relatives
- Family Sponsored Visas
- Special Immigrants